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The Bund in Shaghai

The Bund is a symbol of both old and new Shanghai China. It is a waterfront boulevard along the Huangpu River, which is approxamitly 4-kilometers long (about 3 miles). At night at about 8:30 the Bund has a light show and it is shown in the video to the left . The Shanghai Bund has dozens of historical buildings which once housed numerous banks and trading houses from countires like Britain and France. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Shanghai today and among the top ten best places to visit in China. The reason for all this attention is the unique properties the Bund has attained. While the Bund is hundreds of years old there are new Chinese skyscrapers being built around it. The Bund if also British built looking like England 200 years ago. While, in contrast, Shanghai, China with all of its Chinese made buildings surrounds the Bund. If you visit the Bund you will be taken back by the modern splendor of Shanghai and the old-fashion wonder that the English left on a little waterfront boulevard in Shanghai, China.

History


external image WaibaiduBridgeOld1.jpgShanghai's cosmopolitan atmosphere today has its roots in a long history as a center for trade dating to 960 AD As a result of the Opium Wars in the 1840's. Which was a war with the British fighting the chinese so that China would open free trade, particulary the opium trade. The British imposed the Treaty of Nanjing on China forcing China to open Shanghai up to westerners. Foreign interests quickly consumed most of what is now central Shanghai. It was in Shanghai that the Communist party was founded in 1921 and, in 1960, it was here that the Cultural Revolution began and its headquarters were established. During the Cultural Revolution the Red Guard began destroying anything that was not defined by the Communist Party as Socialist Realism, including anything foreign, Buddhist, or just old, like many of the Colonial buildings. Many of these things survived the worst of China's growth and learning experiences, and they are there in Shanghai for us today. The Bund is one of the remaining pieces of Shanghai's colonial period.

What's on the Bund?


The Bund is consisted of 52 buildings of various architectural styles such as Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Neo-Classical, Beaux-arts, and Art Deco.
Building No. 1: McBain Building, also the Asiatic Petroleum Building, built in Renaissance style in 1915. Later became the Shell Building.
No. 3: The Shanghai Club, built in 1909 for an English club which had been founded 1865. It was said that it had the longest bar in the world, or at least Asia. Reputedly it was 34 metres (111 ft) long. A part of the bar still remains in the Seamen's Club upstairs. Today it is the Dong Feng Hotel. The former bar is now a Kentucky Fried Chicken Restaurant.
No. 4: Union Assurance Company of Canton Building, built in 1915, used by the Mercantile Bank of India, Ltd.
No. 5: The Nisshin Kisen Kaisha Building (at the corner of Fuzhou Lu), erected in 1925 for the Japanese shipping line which plied the Chinese coast and the Yangtse.
No. 6: In the early 1930s home of the British P&O Banking Corp. It was later used by the Shanghai Volunteer Corps as billets for its Russian soldiers until the Japanese invasion in 1937. Then it became the Central Bank of China, Trust Department.
No. 7: Commercial Bank of China.
No. 8: A Chinese office building (Tong Yok Kung or Tung Tzue Shing).
No. 9: This structure housed the steamship lines of China Merchant Steamship navigation Co., States Steamship Co., and American Pioneer Line.
No. 12: The Hongkong and Shanghai Bank. Opened in 1925. Mentioned in the Shanghai Guide of that year as the largest bank of the Far East. In front of the building was a pair of magnificent bronze lions, similar to those in front of the Hongkong Bank in Hong Kong.
No. 13: Customs House, built in 1927. The entrance hall has mosaics of Chinese junks. Opposite it, on the river's edge, was the customs jetty where all customs clearances were done. The former building, from 1843, in the English Tudor style, was demolished and the old clock, 'Big Ching", was relocated into the tower of the new structure.
No. 14: Bank of Communications, on the corner of Hankou Lu. Until 1914 this was the German Asiatic Bank. Now the building houses the Federation of Labour Unions.
No. 15: Until 1926, the Russo-Asiatic Bank, then the Central Bank of China. There used to be sculptured heads under the eaves, but during the Cultural Revolution they were destroyed by the Red Guards.
No. 16: Bank of Taiwan (Japanese). Behind it, on Jiujiang Lu, were the Mitsubishi Building and the Somitoma Building, both Japanese.
No. 17: Home of the North China Daily News, plus a number of printing companies and the Americasn Asiatic Underwriters Savings Bank.
No. 18: Chartered Bank Building, housing the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China.
No. 19: Palace Hotel, built in 1906. It had a legendary roof garden destroyed by fire in 1914. Today it is the south wing of the Peace Hotel.
No. 20: Cathay Hotel, now the north wing of the Peace Hotel. Built in 1930 by Victor Sassoon. The office portion of this structure was called the Sassoon House. It was home to the Chamber of Commerce of the Netherlands and the Banque Belge pour l'Etranger. The remainder was the Cathay Hotel which had a nightclub under the roof. Sassoon, who was a bachelor, lived in the penthouse. He was also the owner of the English Country style villa located on the grounds of today's Cypress Hotel.
No.22: Bank of China, Shanghai Branch. On this location, prior to 1934, stood a colonial style building with two towers named the Concordia Club, a German club founded in 1865.
No.24: Yokohama Specie Bank, built in 1924. It became the Central Bank of China in 1945.
No.26: Yangtze Insurance Building. Opened in 1918. Among others it housed the Italian Chamber of Commerce, the Italian Travel Agency and the Danish Consulate.
No.27: Ewo Building. Ewo was the name of Jardine, Matheson and Co. Ltd, founded in 1834 by the Scots William Jardine and James Matheson, which became one of the great trading houses of the China Coast.
No.28: Glen Line Building. It also housed the P.& O. Banking Corporation. In 1941 it was confiscated by the Japanese and given to the Germans, who used it as their consulate. The consulate's entry was a side entrance on Peking Road No. 2. In 1945 the American consulate occupied the premises. the American Information Service remained on the ground floor until 1949.
No.29: Banque de l'Indo-Chine.
No.31: Office of the Japanese steamship line Nippon Yusen Kaisha.
The houses No.32 through 53 were located on the premises of the former British consulate. The consul's residence was house No.34 (today the house on the far right in back).No.33 was the office building (now probably the structure to the left of the consul's residence) in which was housed the former British Court of Justice. No.35 was the British Naval Office. No.51 was the "Office of Works", with an entry on Yuanmingyuan Road which it still has. No.32, residence of the vice consul, no longer exists.

List provided by http://www.talesofoldchina.com/shanghai/places/t-buil01.htm.

The Bund at Night
The Bund at Night
The Bund During Day
The Bund During Day
Skyscrapers of Shanghai

Jin Mao Tower
Jin Mao Tower
The skyscrapers of Shanghai are all unique in their architecture and appearance. Some have qualities that no other skyscrapers have like the Jin Mao Tower to the right. This skyscraper is ment to look like a chinese pagoda with how it is built into those sections. The city of Shanghai is also one of the fastest growing cities in the world in terms of skyscraper construction. With the City of Shanghai reporting at the end of 2004 that there had been 6,704 buildings of 11 stories or more completed since 1990, as of November 2008, there are 932 completed high-rise buildings in the city, and 208 high-rise buildings either under construction, approved for construction, or proposed for construction, of which three are over 300 m (980 ft) high. One of the building under construction is the Shanghai
Tower. Which is planned for completion in 2014, and upon completion will be the tallest building in China at
2,074ft.

The West Bank Skyline of Shanghai
The West Bank Skyline of Shanghai
In front the Shanghai World Financial Center which has the worlds highest observation deck.  In the back is the Jin Mao Tower
In front the Shanghai World Financial Center which has the worlds highest observation deck. In the back is the Jin Mao Tower