The Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is located in Beijing, China.
The Forbidden City is located in Beijing, China.
Introduction

The Forbidden City... 6 centuries of intense history packed into just 723,633 square meters, 980 buildings. The name in Pinyin is Zĭ Jin Chéng, a translation meaning the Purple Forbidden City. Built in the Ming dynasty, it was the home for 24 emperors and left closed to the public until March 12, 2001.

Who Built It?


The construction of this mysterious city lasted 15 years and demanded over a million workers! In 1406, the emperor Zhu Di of the Ming Dynasty began work on the Forbidden City. He hired three architects to design it. They were given the instructions to build essentially a small city for the royalty. From 1420 to 1644, the Forbidden City was the home to Emperors of the Ming Dynasty.

Who Lived In It?

Artwork from the City.
Artwork from the City.
After 24 Ming Emperors, a rebel force of the Shun Dynasty took over. That didn't last long. Within just a few months, the Qing Dynasty took its place in the Forbidden City. During the second Opium War, French and English forces took over the Forbidden City. What Was Its Layout?

A ma
To see a larger version of the map, click on it.
To see a larger version of the map, click on it.
p of The Forbidden City can be viewed at left.

The Forbidden City could be entered at one of its five gateways. There are two separate sections to the Forbidden City, the outer court and the inner court. The Outer Court was mostly used for
Tourists explore the City shrouded by folklore.
Tourists explore the City shrouded by folklore.
ceremonial purposes, while the Inner Court included the living quarters of the Emperor and his families. The Forbidden City was built with the religion of the Taoist dynasties in mind. There are two shrines, one in the imperial garden and one in the inner court. In the Qing dynasty, Buddhism was also very important. Many temples and shrines were scatted throughout the Inner Court.

Prospect Hill, on the northern side of the City, was artificially made to create the moat.