terracotta soldiers

Terracotta Warriors

General Knowledge

external image terra-cotta-warriors-40113085453199.jpgIt all started with the emperor Qin Shi Huang. In his rule he commissioned the building of many great things. The one we will be focusing on is the Terracotta Warriors, which he commissioned to be made when he was thirteen and said to have no two look a like. Archeologist estimate that there is over 8,000 thousands soldiers, 100 chariots, and over 700 horses, most of these are still buried or yet to be reassembled. Their purpose is a simple one, they are to serve as protection for Qin in the after life. They are set in the east of where his tomb is located, which has yet to be opened/excavated.




Qin Shi Huang
portrait of emperor Qin
portrait of emperor Qin



Qin Shi Huang's army of terracotta warriors is only part of his plan for his afterlife. He also built a massive tomb for when he would die. Pretty much his tomb lies beneath this massive mound of earth and vegetation. Before it was somewhat eroded it would of been a lot bigger than the Great Pyramid of Egypt. Underneath this mound is where it gets even more amazing. Archeologists speculate that there is a replica model of his empire, this includes buildings and all, also there is suppose to be rivers of mercury that flow. Also there is a map of china at the time. Qin's coffin its self is supposedly mad of bronze. Now you probably are asking why we haven't opened his tomb, well for starters we are slowly making our ways to opening it. Its just that we want to preserve that which is inside of it, also according to who you listen to we don't open it because we do not know if the booby traps still work or not.

Discovery



This is the state that they are found in, damage most likely done by earthquakes
This is the state that they are found in, damage most likely done by earthquakes
The Terracotta warriors were discovered in 1974 near Xian. They were discovered by some peasants from the village of Xi Yang. These locals from Xian were making a well at the time when they discovered multiple bronze weapons, and some broken parts of the Terracotta warriors. Once dug out the site was measured to be 210 meters long by 60 meters wide with the room raised to 4.6-6.5 meters high.






The Making of the Warriors



Archeologists speculate that the warriors were all assembled in pieces and then put together. They think this is how they were made because each piece is signed by the artisan group that created them. Also they think that there were eight mold
s for the faces, once the faces were molded they added or took away clay to match the features need. Then they were painted using a variety of colors. The warriors are also made to match there rank. the way they were painted, their height, and their clothing/hair style all match up to what their ranks are. The taller ones were higher ranks and the smaller ones were lower ranks. They also carried weapons with them, but sadly some were stolen shortly after their placements, also some just disintegrated away through time. Yes the Terracotta warriors are hollow.

The Pits

Different views of the pits
Different views of the pits
There are three pits total. The rows in the pits are styled like palace hallways. In the first pit they have the basic soldiers, with the formations being basic. In the second they have the calvary and infantry, also the formations are more complex than that of pit 1. Finally in pit 3 they have the commanders. It is the command post of them all. Out of external image 15.jpgall of them pit one has the most, but not all of them have been uncovered.