Tiananmen Square


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Tiananmen Square Arial View
Overview

Tiananmen Square is a large public square in Beijing, China. The square, is popular for the Gate of Heavenly Peace, which contains the monument of the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, the museum of history and revolution, and the Mao Zedong Memorial Hall. Mao Zedong declared the founding of the People's Republic in the square on October 1, 1949. It is considered to be the largest urban square in the world which measures to be 440,000 square meters. It is even possible for the square to accommodate up to 1 million people.

The incredible size of the square, the gray color, the historical memories and the surrounding monuments, leave some tourists unmoved by the square. Today, it's filled with tourists visiting Chairman Mao's Mausoleum, or paying their respects at the monument to the heroes of the Revolution. It is definitely a must see site for travelers that are visiting Beijing.

History


Tiananmen Square was originally built during 1561 in Beijing, China. It was then cemented over in 1958. It had been enlarged four times from its original size to its present size.
It has been the location of a number of political events and student protests. These include the May Fourth Movement in 1919, the proclamation of the People's Republic of China by Mao Zedong on October 1, 1949, annual mass military displays on all National Days until October 1st, 1959, the 1984 military parade for the 35th anniversary of the People's Republic of China and the 50th anniversary in 1999, and for mass rallies during the Cultural Revolution.


Tiananmen Square Massacre 1989


A massive demonstration for democratic reform took place on Tiananmen Square by Chinese students in April, 1989. It's purpose was to mourn the death of former Communist Party Chairman Hu Yaobang. The protests started after the death of Hu on April 15 and was violently stopped on June 3 and 4, 1989. It is estimated that the death toll was about 400 - 800 civilians and soldiers. One of the most famous stories of this event was when an unknown civilian carrying shopping bags stood in the way of three tanks. When the tank would move to the it's right, the man would take a step to his left. When the tank would turn to it's left, the man would step to his right to get in the way.


Mausoleum of Mao Zedong


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The Final Resting Place of Mao Zedong
"This the final resting place of Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from 1945 until his death [on September 9th, 1976]. Although Mao had wished to be cremated, his body was embalmed and construction of a mausoleum began shortly after his death. ". - Wikipedia

This building is located in the center of the square and people line up in huge lines to see the former chairman each day. They often pay tribute with flowers which can be rented at the entrance on the north side. It was build right after he died and was completed almost a year later. While Mao himself wished to be cremated, he was embalmed. At the time China didn't have the technology to embalm him for public display, so they got some help from Vietnam to allow viewers to see his body.





Tiananmen Square Tours


Here are some tour packages of Beijing that include a visit to Tiananmen Square...
-Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven & Summer Palace Bus Tour --- from US$32
Classic City Bus Tour, visit Beijing's highlight attractions to touch the face of the metropolitan city on this one-day tour. Departure: daily.
- Tiananmen Square, Lama Temple, Confucius Temple & Beijing Zoo Private Day Tour --- from US$40
Visit Tiananmen Square, Lama Temple, Confucius Temple and Beijing Zoo, enjoy this one day private tour package.
- Badaling Great Wall, Forbidden City & Tiananmen Square Bus Tour --- from US$40
Not have much leisure time, but eager to catch the highlights of Beijing, join this, enjoy the three most popular scenic spots in a one-day bus tour. Departure: daily.
-Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City & Temple of Heaven Private Day Tour --- from US$45
This 1 day private highlight city tour covers the trip to Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City and the Temple of Heaven, enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.
- Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City & Summer Palace Private Day Tour --- from US$45
Highlight one day private tour covers the trip to 3 of the 6 major sites in Beijing. Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City and Summer Palace.
- Badaling Great Wall, Tiananmen Square & Forbidden City Private Day Tour --- from US$49
This 1 day private tour covers the trip to the most popular sites of Badaling Great Wall, Tiananmen Square and Fobidden City, enjoy your own car or van with your own tour guide and driver.
- Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, the Bird's Nest & Water Cube Private Day Tour --- from US$59
This 1 day private tour covers the trip to iananmen Square, Forbidden City and Olympic Venues: the Bird's Nest & Water Cube.

More Beijing Tours


If you are interested in learning more about Tiananmen Square, see the websites below:

http://www.beijingguide2008.com/tiananmen_square/tiananmen_square.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_Mao_Zedong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiananmen_square